This case is about a couple who was arbitrarily arrested, detained and tortured in the 1970s during Argentina’s dictator- ship. After release from detention, the victims were put under surveillance, de facto. When Argentina returned to democracy, a law was passed to compensate all those who suffered under the dictatorship. However, the because the victims’ surveillance was only de facto and not de jure, they were denied compensation even tough in later decisions the State’s judiciary extended the scope of the law to cases similar to theirs. Eventually, the State admitted international responsibility and the Court found it in violation of the American Convention.
Case Summary: Almeida v. Argentina