In 2001, Chinese authorities in Hong Kong, China, named Mr. Wong Ho Wing a suspect in connection with crimes of smuggling. An INTERPOL Red Notice was issued for Mr. Wong Ho Wing. In 2008, Mr. Wong Ho Wing was arrested at the airport in Lima, Peru, as he sought to enter the country from the United States. Although China and Peru have a bilateral extradition treaty in effect, Mr. Wong Ho Wing told State authorities that if he were to return to China, he would face extrajudicial execution or the death penalty. The State issued multiple conflicting opinions of equal authority on whether it should extradite Mr. Wong Ho Wing or try him in Peru, while keeping him indefinitely detained. The Court found that the State violated the American Convention on Human Rights.
Case Summary: Wong Ho Wing v. Peru