Gilson Nogueira de Carvalho was a lawyer and human rights defender who spent most of his professional career working to denounce crimes committed by the "golden boys," a Brazilian death squad composed of civilian police and other State officials. After his murder on October 20, 1996, the State failed to undertake an effective investigation into his death and failed to punish the responsible parties. The Commission presented the case to the Inter-American Court in 2005, alleging violations that occurred after December 10, 1998, the date that the State recognized the Court's jurisdiction. The Court found that the State violated the American Convention on Human Rights.
Case Summary: Nogueira de Carvalho et al. v. Brazil