The State, through its Registry Office authorities, refused to issue birth certificates to Dilcia Oliven Yean and Violeta Bosico (ages 2 and 14, respectively, as of March 25, 1999, the date on which the State accepted the Court’s contentious jurisdiction). Violeta Bosico was unable to attend school for one year due to the lack of an identity documents.The children were born within the State’s territory. The Constitution of the Dominican Republic establishes the principle of jus soli to determine those who have a right to Dominican citizenship. Yet, the State forced the victims to endure a situation of continued illegality and social vulnerability by denying the children nationality until September 25, 2001. The Court found that the State violated the American Convention on Human Rights.
Compliance Update: Girls Yean and Bosico v. Domincan Republic, Compliance Update